Brain Biology Related to Autism
In this section you will learn about:
- Parts of the brain that regulate social behaviors
- Parts of the brain involved in communication
- How the brain controls movement
- The challenge of linking autism with brain changes
Autism symptoms range in severity. Children with autism frequently have an intellectual disability, but some have normal intelligence. Due to this variability, autism is considered a continuum of related disorders, known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). At the most severe end is Autistic disorder. At the least severe end is Asperger syndrome.
This section provides an overview of how the brain areas that control social interaction, communication, and movement may play a role in ASD. We also discuss the challenges that doctors and scientists face when trying to link ASD to brain changes.